We are quite familiar with the man-made wonders of the world. But, nature has its mark all over the globe. From amazing rock formations to large sinkholes to colourful rivers, nature has not backed down with its marvels. Find out about the eight most unusual landscapes in the world. By Swastika Mukhopadhyay
1. Fairy Chimneys, Turkey
The Fairy Chimneys are located in Nevsehir Cappadocia in Turkey. It is considered as one of the most beautiful residences in the world. Subjected to years of wind and soil erosion, the softer rock eroded and gave rise to the hard basalt columns resembling high towers. One unique feature of this rock formation is the intricate cave system and cities dug out beneath them by Christians, which were used when invaders used to pass along nearby trading routes.
2. Giant’s Causeway, Northern Ireland
Situated in Northern Ireland, the Giant’s Causeway is an area of about 40,000 basalt columns as a result of the ancient volcanic fissure eruption. The tops of the columns are in the form of stepping stones leading to the water. This site earned the UNESCO World Heritage site title back in 1986. It is believed that this was created by giant Finn McCool to conquer a battle against his Scottish rival Benandonner.
3. Great Blue Hole, Belize
With a depth of around 125 metres and a width of 300 metres, the Great Blue hole bagged the title of being the biggest sinkhole in the world. This sinkhole is a part of the Belize Barrier Reef System and is situated off the coast of Belize. Thousands of years ago when the sea water level rose, the caves flooded up thus birthing this giant sinkhole.
4. Cano Cristales, Colombia
Due to the presence of a plant called Macarenia Clavigera in the riverbed, the waters of Cano Cristales resemble a colour palette of red, yellow and green. This vibrant occurrence takes place between the months of September and November. The Cano Cristales is often referred to as the River of Five Colours.
5. Lake Hillier, Australia
Located just a few metres from the coast of Middle Island in Australia’s Recherche Archipelago stands this peculiar yet awe-striking landscape—a pink lake nearby the bright blue ocean. It is believed that the pink colour of the lake is derived from algae called Dunaliella Salina, which produces a pigment that results in this unnatural colour.
6. Darvaza Gas Crater, Turkmenistan
Nicknamed as the Door to Hell, this natural gas crater opened up when some Soviet engineers were lurking about looking for oil. The scientists realised that the gas pocket was releasing methane thus killing wildlife. In a moment of panic, they let the gas crater on fire. The crater still burns today to a depth of 30 metres.
7. Spotted Lake, Canada
Situated in British Columbia, the Spotted lake is not your ordinary freshwater lake. In high temperatures, the water evaporates and end product becomes something very peculiar. Owing to the dense deposits of Magnesium sulphates, sodium sulphates, and calcium; huge blue, yellow and green spots appear on the lake.
8. Blood Falls, Antarctica
Sounds creepy, right? But apart from its name, there is no illegal business going on here. Flowing from Alaska’s Taylor glacier, the scarlet red waters of the falls are developed due to oxidation of iron in brine saltwater. When the water comes in contact with oxygen, it oxidises to emit a red colour. A brine lake, exposed to iron-rich rocks, situated underneath the glacier is expected to be the water’s source.