NASA‘s 2020 Mars mission, Mars Sample Return Programme, scheduled to take place in July, is aiming to bring back samples of the planet back home. Read on to know more. By Tanvi Jain
NASA’s Mars 2020 rover, which is scheduled to land on the planet on February 2021, will touch down at the Jezero Crater. The landing point is the site of an ancient lake that existed 3.5 billion years ago. This time the aim is to bring back samples from Mars. The mission is known as Mars Sample Return (MSR) Programme.
The rover, whose name is yet to be decided will search for signs of ancient life, study weather science, and conduct tests.
NASA is even on a lookout for a programme director, and is offering an annual salary of up to INR 1.3 crore. The vacancy has been posted on the US government’s job website.
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NASA has chosen where it’s going to look for ancient life on Mars in 2020. The landing site for its rover mission: The Jezero Crater. It's in an area that includes some of Mars’s oldest and most scientifically significant landscapes. _ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ Click through to read how the geologic diversity that makes Jezero such an appealing landing site also makes landing there a huge technical challenge for engineers. _ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ Image credit: @nasajpl/JHUAPL/MSSS/@brownu #NASA #mars #mars2020 #marsrover #jezero #jezerocrater #space #technology
The project will require three launches in order to successfully accomplish the sample collection, retrieval, and flight home. The collected sample will be loaded into a single large canister on the Mars Ascent Vehicle (MAV).
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🧭 Explorer, 📸 photographer, ⛰️ geologist, 🧪 chemist… Mars Curiosity does it all! The rover captured images on Oct. 11 for this celebratory #selfie, after its second-ever "wet chemistry" experiment using solvents to help its portable laboratory detect certain carbon-based molecules important to the formation of life, called organic compounds. About 984 feet (300 meters) behind the rover is Vera Rubin Ridge, which Curiosity departed nearly a year ago. Beyond the ridge, you can see the floor of Gale Crater and the crater's northern rim. Curiosity has been ascending Mount Sharp, a 3-mile-tall (5-kilometer-tall) mountain inside the crater. The individual images in this selfie were taken by the Mars Hand Lens Imager (MAHLI), a camera on the end of the rover's robotic arm. The images are stitched together into a panorama; the robotic arm isn't visible in the parts of the images used in the composite. Image Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS #mars #rover #solarsystem #nasa #chemistry #robots
The first launch is scheduled to take place in July from Cape Canaveral, Florida. The Martian samples will pave the way for future Mars missions.
The next mission known as ESA’s Earth Return Orbiter will aim at capturing a basketball size sample container orbiting Mars.