Most of mankind prefers cities above ground to settle in, the keyword here is ‘most’. Some liked their cities to be below the ground. We here have caught wind of some unique and hidden underground cities which were frequented by a variety of people. Read on as we take you down the lanes built down under! By Quoyina Ghosh

1. Derinkuyu, Cappadocia

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Tarihi hakkında çok kesin bir bilgi bulunmasa da, M.Ö. 3000 yıllarında Proto Hitit dönemlerinde yerleşilen Kapadokya yeraltı şehirlerinin Bizans döneminde yoğun olarak kullanıldığı düşünülüyor. Derinkuyu Yeraltı Şehri’nin ziyarete açık olmayan alanlarından birinde bulunan ve Roma dönemine tarihlenen mermer kartal heykeli de bu düşünceyi doğrular nitelikte. Bölgeye Türklerin gelişi ise 1071 Malazgirt Savaşı sonrasına dayanıyor.⠀ Asur Kolonilerinin de izlerini taşıyan Derinkuyu Yeraltı Şehri’nde II. yüzyılda Roma zulmünden kaçıp Mezopotamya üzerinden Kayseri’ye, oradan da Kapadokya’ya gelen ilk Hristiyanlarınyaşadığı biliniyor. 1830’lara kadar Kapadokya Derinkuyu bölgesinde yer üstünde bile yerleşim yokmuş. Bir tesadüf eseri 1963 yılında bulunan ve 1967 yılında ziyarete açılan Derinkuyu Yeraltı Şehri adını 60-70 metre derinindeki 52 içme suyukuyusundan almış. O tarihten bu yana toplamda 4 kilometrekarelik alanın sadece 2,5 kilometrekarelik 8 katı temizlenip ziyarete açılmış. Ziyarete açılan 8 katın derinliği 50 metredir.⠀ 〽️〽️〽️〽️〽️〽️〽️⠀ Derinkuyu ("deep well") (Cappadocian Greek: Μαλακοπή) is a town and district of Nevşehir Province in the Central Anatoliaregion of Turkey. The district covers an area of 445 km2 (172 sq mi)⠀ Located in Cappadocia, #Derinkuyu is notable for its large multi-level underground city (Derinkuyu Underground City), which is a major tourist attraction. The historical region of Cappadocia, where Derinkuyu is situated, contains several historical underground cities, carved out of a unique geological formation. They are not generally occupied. Over 200 underground cities at least two levels deep have been discovered in the area between Kayseri and Nevşehir, with around 40 of those having at least three levels. The troglodyte cities at Derinkuyu and Kaymaklı are two of the best examples of underground dwellings.⠀⠀ 〽️〽️〽️〽️〽️⠀⠀ ⠀⠀ ⠀⠀ @arkeoanadolu👈🏻⠀⠀ ➖➖⠀⠀ #antiktarih #arkeoloji #arthistory #history #archaeology #archeology #Kapadokya #architecture #ancienthistory #turkey #archaeologist #tourist #ancientcivilization #archaeologicalsite #nevşehir#turkey#mezopotamya #Cappadocia#arkeoanadolu#bizans#türkiye⠀ ⠀⠀ ⠀ ⠀ ⠀

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If someone casually wishes to drill 250 metres down into the ground, their wish would usually yield nothing, but if the place they choose to drill into is Cappadocia, Turkey, they’ll find themselves faced with a whole new city namely, Derinkuyu. This is a fascinating city built for a population of up to 20,000 people. Derinkuyu contains in it, various amenities which includes a tricky water containment system, cellars, wine presses, and etc. A unique cruciform church is also present in there. Alongside this, protective amenities can also be found which they possibly needed to armour themselves against the various invasions they had to face. If a cool trip down under to barrel-vaulted ceilings, churches, 18-storey interiors is something you fancy, look nowhere else!

2. Edinburgh Vaults

Originally built for storing materials necessary for tradesmen, for taverns or for workshops, these vaults later fell into the monopoly of the homeless and the criminals. A dark, damp world found within the 19 arches of South Bridge in Scotland, these vaults are a renowned hotspot for scandals of all kinds. Notwithstanding the illegal distilleries and taverns, legend has it that serial killers Burke and Hare would use these vaults back in the day. It was also through these tunnels that Cristian Raducanu evaded the police long enough to seek political asylum during the Romanian Revolution. Also, hey, if you’re (un)lucky enough, you might just bump into a ghost or two seeing as these vaults are known to be their favourite hang!

3. Wieliczka Salt Mine

A part of the UNESCO heritage sites in the world, Wieliczka Salt Mine began working back in the 13th century when miners first descended down under. What was once just a cave, began to slowly transform into the mesmerising sight that it is now. Apart from the beautiful corridors, staircases and lakes, it is also known for the grande religious constructions. This ‘Underground Salt Cathedral’ is known for its fantastic chapels, chandeliers and statues to name a few. Fancy a Da Vinci? Well, a superbly detailed replica of ‘The Last Supper’ can also be found in these mines.

4. Beijing Underground City

The 1960s and 1970s saw a giant threat of nuclear war slowly winding its steely fingers around everyone’s necks. It was a time of great political unrest and heeding the political ambience, Beijing took to building an underground city to safeguard their residents. This hand-dug site named Dixia Cheng is known to have the capacity to guard up to one million people in it. With hospitals, schools, restaurants, granaries and even a 1,000-seater theatre, this site could protect the people in there for up to four months. This (thankfully) unused city still sits there decaying and completely hidden beneath the city above.

5. Tunnels of Moose Jaw

Think Chinese immigrants, think Al Capone and suddenly these sleepy streets of Moose Jaw, Canada will seem electric with a fascinating history. Back at the start of the 20th century, due to high taxes levied on the Chinese, they were forced below grounds. Back then, the tunnels of Moose Jaw were what they had to resort to in the name of a ‘home’. Moreover, rumour has it that amidst them, prohibition era cross-border bootlegging would be a commonplace occurrence headlined by none other than Scarface!

Related: Why This New Underground Museum Is Drawing Attention in Helsinki