Uttarakhand will have two capitals from now. While Dehradun will be the state’s winter capital, Gairsain will be its summer capital. By Tanvi Jain


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Gairsain, located in Chamoli district between the Kumaon and Garhwal regions, is now the summer capital of Uttarakhand. The demand that has reportedly been raging since the 90s, has finally been fulfilled with the state about to complete two decades of statehood.  

So, from now on, Uttarakhand will have two capitals with Dehradun being the winter capital and Gairsain being the summer capital. The announcement was recently made by Chief Minister Trivendra Singh Rawat.  


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Gairsain, which was once celebrated as the Kedar Kshetra in ancient literature, has been ruled by the NagasKhasasKiratasKunindas, and Tunganas. This emerging tourist destination connects the Garhwal and Kumaon regions. Located at approximately 280 kilometres from Dehradun, this new capital of Uttarakhand, is also the source of the Ramganga River, near the Dudhatoli Parvat (mountain). 


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Situated at an altitude of 1,750 metres above the sea level, at the eastern edge of Dudhatoli mountain range, the place lies close to popular tourist spots such as RanikhetKasauni and Dehradun. 

The name Gairsain was derived from two Garhwali words gair and sainWhile the former means ‘at some depth’, the latter means ‘rolling plains’. It lies around 16 kilometres from the Almora district border along National Highway 87. Ramnagar station, which is 150 kilometres from Graisain, is the closest to the place. The nearest airport is the Gauchar Airport, which is around 54 kilometres away. 


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Uttarakhand was separated from Uttar Pradesh in 2000, and it was since then that its people were demanding for Garsain to be made the capital of the state. In 2004, Baba Mohan Singh Uttarakhandi had gone on a 38-day-long hunger strike, in demand of making Gairsain as permanent capital of Uttarakhand. He died on August 9, 2004 at Benital. He had reportedly undertaken as many as 13 hunger strikes for a separate state of Uttarakhand.  

Related: Uttarakhand To Roll Out A New Policy To Promote Spiritual Eco-Zones