A privately-owned risk advice company, International SOS recently came out with a study that analysed the major factors of risk in countries around the world – medical, security and road safety were some of the parameters. Here, we list the most dangerous countries for travelling based on the list. By Ritika Dixit

Statistics of violence, government control over citizens and the accessibility of the country from the rest of the world comes into play when travel security in foreign destinations becomes a part of the equation. A country’s preparedness towards disaster management, availability of emergency services, social unrest and the infrastructure also plays key roles in understanding the safety standards of the country for tourists. Here are the countries you should think twice before travelling to.

1. Mali

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It was a really hot 32 degree hike, with sweat coming out of me every which way, but it was worth every step to see the endless Malian cliffs and green valleys. The climb to the stunning Kamadjan arch just outside of Siby village – 60 km southwest of Bamako. Mali is surprising me everyday. #noteatpraylove #discovermali #malitravel #mali #visitmali #malitourism #africatravel #exploremali #tlpicks #travelandleisure #explore #exploretheworld #dametraveler #passionpassport #wanderlust #travelgirl #travelphotography #travelgram #travelgirlsgo #westafrica #wander #beautifulplaces #africa #travelphoto #beautifuldestinations #travelfemme #exploreourearth #bipolartraveler #bipolardepression #longhaultravel

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This West African country is gifted with bountiful landscapes and richness of culture, yet it tops the list of the most dangerous countries for travelling to in 2020. Things changed when the militants took over northern Mali in 2012, following the collapse of Libya. Mali has been in a state of emergency since November 2015. Despite being home to the Djingareyber Mosque, one of the oldest mosques in Western Africa, scenic cliff villages in the Bandiagara Escarpment and the city of Timbuktu, which was once known as the city of gold among many other tourist attractions in the country, Mali has seen massive dips in tourist footfalls over the year due to the situation of unrest and conflict in the country.

2. Somalia

Popularly known as ‘the Horn of Africa’, Somalia has occupied the second-highest spot in the list of the most dangerous countries for travelling to 2020. Somalia offers a wide variety of picturesque views from its highlands, plains and plateaus. Yet most travellers have inhibitions when it comes to travelling to Somalia due to the lack of an effective force, high rates of armed conflicts, dangerous levels of violent crimes and very high threat of terrorist attacks and kidnappings. Owing to these reasons, most of the natural beauty of Somalia goes largely unobserved by tourists. We hope Somalia recaptures its lost glory soon.

3. South Sudan

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River Nile. 📍Juba. South Sudan

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Officially the world’s newest nation, South Sudan suffers from poor infrastructure and a highly volatile political climate in the country, which deters most travellers from even thinking about exploring the country that houses some of the least known and most extreme phenomenon on the face of the earth. South Sudan has not only rivers, swamps and savannahs but its natural prowess also extends to the Imatong Mountains. The sheer diversity of natural landscapes that the country has to offer is going by unnoticed in the shadows of its political scenario and the lack of development in the country.

4. Central African Republic

There is so much to do at the Central African Republic with Dzanga-Sangha reserve of gorillas and elephants, handicrafts for sale at the Bangui’s artisans market, and a leisurely day by the Boali Waterfalls, to name a few. Yet the natural marvels of this country are left undiscovered due to the crime rates and civil unrest. Recurring instances of violent crimes like armed robbery, aggravated battles, homicides and the control of large areas of the country under armed forces keep the tourists at a lot of distance from exploring this nature and wildlife retreat.

5. Yemen

With rich biblical history and some of the finest museums, Yemen is one of those destinations which can cater to the mountain and the beach person alike with the options to trek the barely-visited Haraz Mountains or dive into the balmy Red and Arabian seas. Still, the country has been left unexplored by most travellers owing to terrorism, health risks, armed conflicts and landmines in the country. So much so that, Sana’a which is the country’s capital has been uninhabited for nearly 2,500 years and has been recognised by UNESCO for the same.

Related: Top 5 Dangerous Habitats In The World Where Nature Is Most Forbidding