When traveling to other countries, flying is the most preferred and convenient way. In some parts of the world, however, that is not an option. Discover such six countries without any airport and the most convenient ways to reach them. By Shrimayee Thakur

1. Vatican City

The smallest country in the world, Vatican city is nestled in the heart of Rome. It is an absolute monarchy with the Pope at its head. As the headquarters of the Roman Catholic Church, it is thronged by tourists visiting the museum, the exotic gardens and the Sistine Chapel. Though there is no airport in this country, visitors can easily get there from Italy’s capital. Since driving into the city is not possible, public transport is the best way to get there. The Rome metro, public buses and train all have stations close to the Vatican City, from where visitors can walk.

2. San Marino

One of the world’s oldest republics, San Marino is a mountainous country, also surrounded by Italian land, like the Vatican City. It is home to UNESCO world heritage sites such as Mount Titano, San Marino’s highest point; San Marino City, known for its old-world architecture and cobblestone paths. Rimini, on Italy’s east coast is the standard point for entry to San Marino for those taking public transport. From Rimini, travellers can take a bus going most of the way to the capital city. San Marino is also accessible by car.

3. Monaco

Monaco is the second smallest country in the world, located on France’s Mediterranean coastline. It is where the renowned Formula One Grand Prix motor race is held each year. Its upscale casinos and luxurious lifestyle are also well known. It offers a mixture of historical and modern attractions. It is easily accessible by going through France’s Nice Côte d’Azur International Airport, from where a bus or a taxi can be taken. It is a 25-minute car ride from the airport to Monaco.

4. Liechtenstein

Liechtenstein is the sixth smallest country in the world, nestled between Switzerland and Austria. A mountainous province, it is perfect as a winter sports destination. Liechtenstein celebrated the 300th anniversary of its creation this year. Leaf through history’s pages at the Liechtenstein National Museum, or climb up to the hillside where Vaduz castle, the Prince’s official residence, sits. Though the castle is not open to the public, the hillside offers a breathtaking view of jagged mountains. Travellers can go through the St. Gallen-Altenrhein Airport in Switzerland, by rail via Swiss border stations at Buchs or Sargans, or by driving.

5. Andorra

Andorra is a small country located in a Pyrenees mountain range valley, in Western Europe. It has a border each with France and Spain, and is known for its ski resorts and spectacular view of the mountains. Its terrain does not allow for an airport, but it has one road entering it from France, and one from Spain.

6. Palestinian Territories

Though it has seen terrible conflicts, this war-ravaged land is still a tourist destination, drawing visitors with its ancient cities and its alluring architecture. Bethlehem, for instance, apart from being a religious destination as the birthplace of Christ, is also encouraging arts and scrumptious food. Visitors can only enter overland, through Israel. The closest airport is the Ben Gurion International Airport in Israel, which is just over 40 kilometres from Bethlehem.

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